Mandatory Purchase of Green Certificates on Importers from Italian Renewable Energy Producers as Compatible with EU Law: RED II, State Aid and Freedoms. Judgment in Case C-558/22 Fallimento Esperia and GSE

Introduction In the Judgment in Case C-558/22 Fallimento Esperia and GSE on 7 March 2024, the Court of Justice revisited the landmark cases Essent Belgium (Judgment of 29 September 2016, C‑492/14, EU:C:2016:732, and Judgement 11 September 2014, C-204/12, EU:C:2014:2192) concerning the compatibility of national laws imposing support schemes favoring national renewable energy production. Particularly in this case, … Continued

EU Contract Case Law, July–December 2023 

The article EU Contract Case Law, July–December 2023, published on the European Review of Contract Law offers a comprehensive review of key cases adjudicated by the Court of Justice of the European Union pertaining to contract law. It focuses on the period spanning from July 2023 to December 2023. Among the 220 judgments rendered during … Continued

Chapter 13. The (in)coherence–(in)effectiveness nexus of the EU´s circular energy system

The 13th and last Chapter of the edited book ‘Law in the EU’s Circular Energy System: Biofuel, Biowaste and Biogas‘, addresses several topics from the transition towards a circular energy system to he (in)coherence–(in)effectiveness nexus of the EU’s circular energy system. Lucila de Almeida and Josephine van Zeben, with the title ‘The (in)coherence–(in)effectiveness nexus of the … Continued

Chapter 12. Renewable support schemes and Guarantees of Origin applied to renewable energy regulation

In the Chapter 12 of the edited book ‘Law in the EU’s Circular Energy System: Biofuel, Biowaste and Biogas‘, Alberto Pototschnig and Ilaria Conti address the Renewable support schemes and Guarantees of Origin applied to renewable energy regulation’. Read the Abstract below: ‘Renewable energies will continue to play a key role in decarbonising the energy … Continued

Chapter 10. EU law and policy shaping supranational and national investment in biofuel and biogas transition

In Chapter 10 of the edited book ‘Law in the EU’s Circular Energy System: Biofuel, Biowaste and Biogas‘, Agnieszka Smoleńska talks about ‘EU and policy shaping supranational and national investment in biofuel and biogas transition’ [1]. Read the Abstract below: ‘The chapter analyses how European Union (EU) laws and policies shape the availability of financing … Continued

Chapter 9. The Energy Tax Directive reform

Álvaro Antón addresses ‘The Energy Tax Directive reform’ on the first chapter composing Part III of the edited book ‘Law in the EU’s Circular Energy System: Biofuel, Biowaste and Biogas‘, with regards to Cross-Sectoral Issues. Read the Abstract below: ‘The use and development of advanced biofuels will be essential for the transition to a green, … Continued